Literally the home of Kenya safaris, the Rift Valley is one feature worth mentioning and deserves a lot of creditas a home to the rift valley lakes, great sceneries and its influence on the geography of East Africa. A lot of geographical features are attributed to it. Volcanoes topped with tropical ice, shimmering soda lakes, rainforests and acacia spotted savannahs, diverse cultures both old and new, deserts, tropical beaches and the greatest concentrations of wildlife on Earth; Wherever you travel in East Africa the Rift Valley is not far away.
Its influence has shaped one of the world’s most diverse and spectacular regions. The Rift Valley is a 6,000-mile crack (fissure) in the earth’s crust, stretching from Lebanon to Mozambique. One of its most dramatic sections slices through East Africa, dividing Kenya into two parts. Geologists know that the Rift Valley was formed by violent subterranean forces that tore apart the earth’s crust. These forces caused huge chunks of the crust to sink between parallel fault lines and force up molten rock in volcanic eruptions. Evidence that this process, called rifting is still in progress comes from the many active and semi-active volcanoes, located along the Rift. Evidence of volcanic activity along the rift is provided by the presence of numerous boiling hot springs in Hell’s Gate, Lake Bogoria among other places that the Kenya safari guides can point to visitors.